Austria, officially the Republic of Austria , is a federal republic and a landlocked country of roughly 8.47 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,855 square kilometres (32,377 sq mi) and has a temperate and alpine climate. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 metres (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 metres (12,461 ft).]The majority of the population speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language.]Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.
Hymn: Land der Berge
The national anthem (Bundeshymne) of the Republik Österreich (Republic of Austria) was officially adopted on February 25, 1947,following a contest to find a replacement for the former imperial anthem by Haydn that had been appropriated by Germany in 1922 and now also had Nazi associations. The composer of the melody is not certain, but its origin goes back to 1791, when it was created for the freemason lodge to which both Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Johann Holzer (1753-1818) belonged. Current theory says that either Mozart or Holzer could have composed the melody. The lyrics were written by Paula von Preradovic (1887-1951), the winner of the 1947 competition. Preradovic was the mother of the Austrian Minister of Education, Felix Hurdes, who had encouraged her (a distinguished writer and poet) to enter the contest.
Settled in ancient times, the Central European land that is now Austria was occu pied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes. The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by theRoman Empire and made a province. Present day Petronell-Carnuntum in Eastern Austria was an important army camp turned capital city in what became known as the Upper Pannonia province. Fifty thousand people called Carnuntum home for nearly 400 years After the fall of the Roman Empire the area was invaded by Bavarians, Slavs and Avars. The Slavic tribe of the Carantanians migrated into the Alps and established the realm of Carantania, which covered much of eastern and central Austrian territory.CharlemagneEastern FranciaBabenbergmarchia OrientalisLeopold of Babenberg The first record showing the name Austria is from 996, where it is written as Ostarrîchi, referring to the territory of the Babenberg March. In 1156 the Privilegium Minus elevated Austria to the status of a duchy. In 1192, the Babenbergs also acquired the Duchy of Styria. With the death of Frederick II in 1246, the line of the Babenbergs went extinct.As a result Ottokar II of Bohemia effectively assumed control of the duchies of Austria, Styria and Carinthia.His reign came to an end with his defeat at Dürnkrut at the hands of Rudolph I of Germany in 1278.Thereafter, until World War I, Austria's history was largely that of its ruling dynasty, the Habsburgs.
Austria is a largely mountainous country due to its location in the Alps.The Central Eastern Alps, Northern Limestone Alps and Southern Limestone Alps are all partly in Austria. Of the total area of Austria (84,000 km2 or 32,433 sq mi), only about a quarter can be considered low lying, and only 32% of the country is below 500 metres (1,640 ft). The Alps of western Austria give way somewhat into low lands and plains in the eastern part of the country. Austria lies between latitudes 46° and 49° N, and longitudes 9° and 18° E.
Vienna is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the ninestates of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.757 million (2.4 million within the metropolitan area,more than 20% of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today it is the second only to Berlin in German speakers. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city lies in the east of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary.
Schönbrunn Palace, one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna. Comparable in grandeur to Versailles, this 1,441 room palace was built between 1696 and 1712 at the request of Emperor Leopold I and turned into the imperial summer palace by Maria Theresa. The Palace Park offers a lot of attractions, such as the Privy Garden, the oldest zoo in the world, a maze and labyrinth, and a marble summerhouse situated on top of a 60 meter high hill.
Vienna State Opera, is a stunning architectural structure in the middle of Austria’s capital. and quite possibly the most celebrated opera house of all time. The orchestra is recognized as one of the top in the world. While there, take in one of history’s most famous operas or ballets, offered in both classical and modern versions for viewers to choose from.
Melk Abbey, is one of the most famous monasteries in the world. Situated high up on cliff, overlooking the calming waters of the Danube river, rests the peaceful Benedictine abbey. Previously the castle of Leopold II, the structure was given to the monks, who transformed it into a place of tranquility and learning in 1089. The impressive spiritual center has become one of the greatest examples of Baroque architecture and the flourishing musical and liberal arts of its time.
Hofburg Imperial Palace ,located in Vienna, the Hofburg Imperial Palace serves as the official residence of the President of Austria. It was the Habsburg’s principal winter residence, while Schönbrunn Palace (also located in Vienna) was their preferred summer residence. From 1438 to 1583 and from 1612 to 1806, it was the seat of the kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, thereafter the seat of the Emperor of Austria until 1918.
Vienna State Opera
Hofburg Imperial Palace
Holzhausergasse offers students with learning and mental handicaps on the range of 10-18 years special training on key and life competences. The school is situated in the centre of Vienna/Austria, 25 teachers and 100 students with SNE working.
The school created a prevocational course for SEN at the age of 15-18 at 1999. This model spread out to four locations up to 220 students and started a network with the Austrian Welfare Organisation and Employment Office. The program was to find out the student’s individual skills and strengh and combine them to the needs of labour market. This project is supported by the Vienna school authority and evaluated by the pedagogical institute of Vienna.
The school’s profile implements a curriculum based on art’s performance. A high level art course in a close cooperation with the Albertina museum has been started in 2009, following the UNESCO's "road map of arts education" (Lisboa 2006). Aim is to focus a new educational approuch in arts education. The school is carrying out investigations in the setting of the ministry of science Austria. Awarded as "Reserch school 2012".
Focal point in ITC is media literacy. The school got the media literacy award in 2011 by the ministry of education Austria.
The school awarded the European and Austrian Comenius Quality Label 2006.