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Romania


Romania? Maybe you've wondered what a country like Romania looks like ..a former communist country, after twenty two years of democracy, what are people like, what kind of culture and civilisation they have, what you can do and see when you go in Romania.

National day: 1 December

Hymn: Wake up Romanian


Geography

Romania is a country located at the intersection of Central and Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south. At 238,391 square kilometers (92,043 sq mi), Romania is the eighth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with 20,121,641 people (20 October 2011). Its capital and largest city is Bucharest – the sixth largest city in the EU .

Prut River, one of its major tributaries, forms the border with the Republic of Moldova. Danube flows into Black Sea within Romania's territory forming Danube Delta, the second largest and best preserved delta in Europe, and also a biosphere reserve and a biodiversity World Heritage Site. Other major rivers are Siret (596 km), Olt (614 km), Someș (388 km), and Mures (761 km)

Romania is a colorful country not only because of the mountainous relief, rivers and plains. Romania is also a country where different ethnic groups live together and the majority population is Romanian and Hungarian, Turkish, Serbs, Germans, Gypsies influence each other and drawing on the traditions and customs.


History

42,000-year-old human remains were discovered in the "Cave With Bones", and being Europe's oldest known remains they may have been among the first modern humans to have entered the continent.

The earliest written evidence of people living in the territory of present-day Romania, the Getae, comes from Herodotus, in his Histories book IV (c. 440 BC).Territories located north of the Danube were inhabited by Dacians, who are considered to have belonged to the Getae tribes, mentioned by Herodotus, that were a branch of Thracian people. The Dacian kingdom reached its peak between 82 and 44 BC during the reign of Burebista.

Roman Emperor Domitian led military campaigns in the region between 87 and 88 AD at Tapae. Roman incursions happened again during the years 101–102 AD and 105–106 AD under Emperor Trajan, who successfully defeated Dacia and annexed its southwestern parts to the vast Roman Empire. The Dacian population subsequently underwent the ethno-linguistic process of Romanisation and the conquered parts became an imperial province called Dacia. Because of Dacia's rich ore deposits (especially gold and silver)

Rome brought colonists from all over the empire .This introduced Vulgar Latin and started a period of intense romanisation that would give birth to the Proto-Romanian language. During the 3rd century AD, with the invasions of migratory populations, the Roman Empire was forced to pull out of Dacia around 271 AD, making it the first province to be abandoned.


The crisis has forced reforms which were long needed, with support from international financial institutions, healthcare, education, financial sector, public finance administration, public administration, social insurance and social assistance. Some of these reforms are short-term responses to the crisis, while others are anchored in a coherent long-term strategy.

Touristic attractions


Buhusi


Buhusi (is a town in Bacau County, Romania with a population of 14,562 (2011). It was first mentioned in the 15th century when it was named "Bodesti" and was a property of an important family of Boyars named "Buhus".

The town had the biggest textile factory in south-eastern Europe. But the factory has drastically reduced its capabilities after 1989 and currently employs less than 200 workers. The Runc Monastery (built in 1457), located near Buhusi, is one of the famous monasteries built by Stephen the Great of Moldavia in Moldavia during the Ottoman Wars in the 15th century.

Buhusi has five primary schools and one high school, the Ion Borcea Technical College. The town administers two villages, Marginea and Runc.

C.T. "Ion Borcea"



Colegiul Tehnic 'Ion Borcea' (in English 'Ion Borcea' Technical College) is a high school institution developping its main activities in two school buildings, one for the Vocational and Technological School and another one for the General School. The Vocational and Technological School trains students to become active on the labour market after graduation; the domains in which we offer training are fashion design, textile confectionary, commerce selling, constructions and public works. At the General School we focus on theoretical training, teaching Humanities and Sciences, and pupils can choose to continue their studies at university after graduating.

Our institution counts almost 700 students from both Buhusi and the nearby villages. Most of them are financially disadvantaged and come from disorganised families, many parents having chosen to live and work abroad, but leaving however their children at home until they graduate from school.