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Spain


Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain is a sovereign state and a member state of the European Union. It is located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and north east by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

National day:October 12

Spain anthem:The Marcha Real (Spanish pronunciation: ['mart?a re'al], "Royal March") is the national anthem of Spain. It is one of only four national anthems (along with that of Bosnia and Herzegovina, San Marino and the Republic of Kosovo) in the world to have no official lyrics.[1] One of the oldest in the world, the anthem was first printed in a document dated 1761 and entitled Libro de la Ordenanza de los Toques de Pífanos y Tambores que se tocan nuevamente en la Ynfant° Espanola (Book of the Ordenance of Newly Played MilitaryDrum and Fife Calls by The Spanish Infantry ), by Manuel de Espinosa. Here it is entitled La Marcha Granadera ("March of theGrenadiers"). According to this document, Manuel de Espinosa de los Monteros is the composer.

History:Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians, Basques and Celts. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came under the rule of Rome. During the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa. In a process that took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula. The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas. A global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries.

Geography:At 505,992 km2 (195,365 sq mi), Spain is the world's 52nd-largest country. It is some 47,000 km2 (18,000 sq mi) smaller than France and 81,000 km2 (31,000 sq mi) larger than the U.S. state of California. Mt. Teide (Tenerife) has the highest mountain peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base. Spain lies between latitudes 26° and 44° N, and longitudes 19° W and 5° E. On the west, Spain borders Portugal; on the south, it borders Gibraltar (a British overseas territory) and Morocco, through its exclaves in North Africa (Ceuta, Melilla, and Penón de Vélez de la Gomera). On the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it borders France and the tiny principality of Andorra. Along the Pyrenees in Girona, a small exclave town called Llívia is surrounded by France.

Tourism:During the last four decades the Spanish tourism industry has grown to become the second biggest in the world, worth approximately 40 billion Euros, about 5% of GDP, in 2006.


Valencia


History: Valencia is one of the oldest cities in Spain, founded in the Roman period under the name "Valentia Edetanorum" on the site of a former Iberian town, by the river Turia in the province of Edetania. The centre of the city was located in the present-day neighbourhood of the Plaza de la Virgen; here was the forum and the crossing of the Cardo Maximus and the Decumanus Maximus, streets which are still the two main axes of the city. The Cardo corresponds to the existing Calle de Salvador – Almoina and the Decumanus to Calle de los Caballeros.

Tourism: Valencia is Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 million.

Culture: Valencia is known internationally for the Falles (Las Fallas), a local festival held in March, and for paella valenciana, traditional Valencian ceramics, intricate traditional dress, and the architecture of the City of Arts and Sciences designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela. La Tomatina, an annual tomato fight, draws crowds to the nearby town of Bunol in August. There are also a number of well-preserved traditional Catholic festivities throughout the year. Holy week celebrations in Valencia are considered some of the most colourful in Spain. Valencia has a metro system, the Metrovalencia (Valencia Metro). Valencia used to be a location of the Formula One European Grand Prix, first hosting the event on 24 August 2008. The city was axed at the beginning og the grand prix season 2013.



Instituto de Educación Secundaria Luis Vives



The IES Luis Vives is a High School with studies of Secondary and Baccalaureate. From year 2000 we have the Arts Baccalaureate, special studies in order to train the students in vocational artistic studies of Plastic Arts or Drama, Music and Dance that are only in a few schools.

The IES Luis Vives is located just in centre of the city of Valencia in a historic building from the XVI century with a wide history as a state high school in the city of more of 150 years old. It is a high school of reference in the Valencian Educative System that wants to join to the chain of cooperative work with European centres in order to follow the way started by the famous Valencian Humanist Juan Luis Vives , who worked in different European Universities and who was a compromised intellectual with his time.

Our students has a different range of people, from migrants, pupils from disadvantaged social needs, pupils with specific learning needs to students who came to this school from different cities near to Valencia to study for the Arts Baccalaureate.

In order to promote the improvement of the knowledge of English and Germany as languages of communication between Europeans we want to share our artistic experiences with other schools that are working in special studies of Art and that have interested in Art in times of crisis. In this way our students could learn other values like cooperative work, to share the diversity of other cultures and improve the acceptance of difference.